Arm Recovery After Stroke

The SMART study: Standardising Measures in Arm Rehabilitation Trials


Up to 77% of stroke survivors experience upper limb impairment. Effective upper limb stroke rehabilitation is a recognised research priority. Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) use over 180 different outcome measures to determine the efficacy of interventions for stroke upper limb rehabilitation. Lack of standardisation of outcome measures limits the ability to synthesise evidence to inform clinical decisions.

To achieve consensus on the outcome measures to recommend for use in RCTs investigating interventions aimed at improving upper limb function after stroke according to International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health framework (ICF) classification.



Consensus recommendations of outcome measures will:

Contact Julie Duncan Millar for details:

PhD Student: Julie Duncan Millar, NMAHP Research Unit, Glasgow Caledonian University
Supervisory team: 

Dr Myzoon Ali, Research Fellow, NMAHP Research Unit

Dr. Alex Pollock, Research Fellow, NMAHP Research Unit

Prof Frederike van Wijck, Professor in Neurological Rehabilitation, Glasgow Caledonian University